The Australian Western Desert and the High Arctic could hardly be less alike, and both differ sharply from the rainforests of the Congo basin. Even so, in crucial ways, their social lives are remarkably similar. They sometimes have elders or initiates, but they have no chiefs. No-one has command authority over other adult males. Relations between the sexes vary but, in many forager cultures, women are indispensable, skilled, autonomous and essential props of the foraging economy. They gather plant foods and small game, and make much of the equipment of everyday life. They often have a good deal of social and sexual choice.
~ Kim Sterelny, professor of philosophy at the Australian National University. His books include Language and Reality: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language (2nd ed, 1999), co-authored with Michael Devitt; The Evolved Apprentice: How Evolution Made Humans Unique (2012), and From Signal to Symbol: The Evolution of Language (forthcoming, 2021), co-authored with Ronald J Planer. His most recent book is The Pleistocene Social Contract: Culture and Cooperation in Human Evolution (2021).
I have got to read his work!
Aunty Joan have you read this book
"Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution by Pëtr Kropotkin" printed in 1902
An interesting book. Here is its contents
Chapter 1: Mutual Aid Among Animals 16
Chapter 2: Mutual Aid Among Animals (continued) 43
Chapter 3: Mutual Aid Among Savages 81
Chapter 4: Mutual Aid Among the Barbarians 116
Chapter 5: Mutual Aid in the Mediæval City 149
Chapter 6: Mutual Aid in the Mediæval City (continued)179
Chapter 7: Mutual Aid Amongst Ourselves 210
Chapter 8: Mutual Aid Amongst Ourselves (continued) 243
Chapter 9: Conclusion 271
Appendix I: Swarms of Butterflies, Dragon-Flies, etc. 279
Appendix II: The Ants 281
Appendix III: Nesting Associations. 284
Appendix IV: Sociability of Animals 286
The mob that Kim Sterelny was talking of is how they appear to-day due to the interruption of their pre-invasion way of life which was similar but they moved back then to not over exploit an area of the Ngurambang ( country but but not as the European understands the word) and they were more permaculturists in that they carried seeds around of the plants they used as food.
Should you want a better understanding of our culture in regards to farming, yes we farmed but not the way the rest of the world perceives farming to be then there are two books worth reading
The Biggest Estate on Earth by Bill Gummidge and Dark Emu by Bruce Pascoe these two books outline a different perspective on my peoples culture before the invasion of the Europeans of our garray ( Land)
The political views I hold stem from when my mother mentioned that the then Lt. J. Cook wrote in his journal as he sailed up the east coast of our garray "They have no leaders" but since then after learning things as time moved forward and asked questions to some of our mob that we did have leaders but unlike European leaders they had no privileges as they were also bound by the lore/law of their people and were not decked out to look different from the rest of their mob.
This is one of the aspects that I believed why the English tried to obliterate my people from the Earth.
We were a horizontally structured Society which threatened their vertically structured society. We were a Society of more or less equals as compared to their Society of unequals.
Academically this is what we have been up against there is a mob down in Victoria that use to farm eels and one of our people did research about it because that mobs culture had been interfered with they lost memory and presented his findings to academia but they just laughed him out of the room. but lo and behold a white fella does the same thing and present his case and he was lauded for it. One Aboriginal one European, one laughed at the other lauded.
As for the women just being the foragers they were not for the Eora mob of Sydney their women were on the water fishing with hooks made from shells. Catching drummer, snapper and other fish that inhabited the waters.