But what was the real dynamic force behind the making of this “Golden Age”? Was it the scriptural dictums of religion Islam—the blind-faith on Allah? Or, was it the driving force of rationalism of some freethinkers? Answer to this above question is the main subject of this long article.
Islam is the only religion, which pretends to Claim all the goodies of this planet as its own. Its adepts consider Islam is the best/true religion from Allah (God) and Muslims are the best human beings, and Allah only loves Muslims. Most devout fanatical Muslims in particular, as well as, a good percentage of gullible Muslims in general, express a special nostalgiaabout the so called ‘Islamic golden age’. Muslims today emphatically blame western civilization in general and American super power in particular for all of their problems in their own country. They intentionally and deliberately mention about the past historical glorious day (golden age) of Islamic Caliphate only to energize Muslims to unite and fight-back western civilization in order to regain the past glory of Islamic golden age.
This never-ending Islamic nostalgia is so deep rooted in their minds that it acts like incurable disease, such as cancer.Although, there are already many Muslims nations like Saudi Arabia, Iran, Taliban ruled Afghanistan, Sudan etc which are governed/ruled by strict Islamic or semi-Islamic rules, which could not bring-back their dreaming ‘Islamic Golden age’—but when asked, they will say, “No, these are not ruled by pure Islam! ”i.e., these are not pure Islamic countries! To their mind, it is only possible, if they can establish an Islamic Caliphate like Prophet Muhammad and his four Rightly Guided Caliphs (truly followed the footsteps of Mohammed), Abu Bakr, Omar, Uthman and Ali who ruled after Mohammed (having strict Quranic constitution rule by Islamic Shariaat) which will solve their all problems for ever.
To this end, some western hypocrites like Maurice Bucailee and Prof. Keith Moore had invigorated the Islamic zealots to dream their “Golden Age” by their dishonest and unscrupulous discovery (for exchanges of money) of some make-up and fraudulent/false scientific theories in Quran. This fraudulent discovery of science in Quran had created an utopia of making Quran the authentic words of Allah, which myriads of western educated islamists used it as the biggest ‘bomb or bait’ of propaganda only to push gullible Muslim society back to the darkness of 7th century.
Islamists keep bragging about many Muslim-born luminaries (who brought the so called “Islamic golden age”) and enthusiastically color them as “Islamic scientists” and call their achievements as the “Islamic science”. According to them, these ancient Muslim-born luminaries were the product of religion of Islam and those ancient luminaries were devout Muslims, and their success was only because of “Islamic teachings”. They want to use this as the clear proof that—Islam is a divine and true religion, indeed. That is, these hypocritical western-educated Muslims attempt to brain-wash gullible Muslims and force them to believe that, ‘Islam actually brought science and modernity to this world’.
The so called ‘Islamic Golden Age’ was all about the success of some Muslim-born freethinkers during the period of liberal freethinking Caliphs of Abbasid dynasty. The seventh Abbasid caliph, al-Ma'mun (813-833), was even a greater patron of education and science than Harun al-Rashid. He took considerable pains to obtain Greek manuscripts and even sent a mission to the Byzantine Emperor Leon the Armenian (8l3 to 890) for that purpose. He ordered the translation of these manuscripts. He organized at Baghdad a sort of scientific academy called the House of Wisdom (Bayt Al-Hilkma), which included a library and an observatory. He encouraged scholars from all kinds (various religions), and an enormous amount of scientific work was done under his patronage. This was the most ambitious undertaking of its kind since the foundation of the Alexandrian Museum (q. v. first half of third century B. C.).
Al-Ma'mun 'Abdallah al-Ma'mun' was born in Baghdad in 786, and he died near Tarsus in 833. Al-Ma'mun was the seventh and greatest 'Abbasid caliph (813-833). His mother and wife were Persians, which explains his Persian and 'Alid proclivities. He was an ardent Mu'tazil, tried to enforce his views by means of violence. He wrote four long letters to explain the Qur'an was created, and he cruelly punished those who dared entertain different views (e.g., Ibn Hannibal). He thus combined in a remarkable way free thought and intolerance. While persecuting those who objected to Mu'tazilism, Jews and Christians were very welcome at his court.
Now, we shall examine the life history of some very famous luminaries of the Islamic “Golden Age” to evaluate historical truth whether these Muslim-born freethinkers were true believers of Islam or any other religion per se. We shall also examine whether the core teachings of religion Islam had anyway influenced or contributed (as erroneously believed by most Islamists) to the success of medieval Muslim scientists. Let us find out about the religious fervor (if there was any) of some of the most famous ancient so called Islamic scientists and thinkers:
Abū Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariyā al-Razi, known as Rhazes or Rasis after medieval Latinists, was a Persian physician, philosopher, alchemist and chemist, and scholar. According to al-Biruni he was born in Ray, present-day Iran the year 865 AD and died there in 925 AD. He was “undoubtedly the greatest physician of the Islamic world and one of the great physicians of all time”. Edward Granville Browne considers him as "probably the greatest and most original of all the physicians, and one of the most prolific as an author" and Chaucer referred to him as one of the fifteen great sources of knowledge. Al-Razi made fundamental and enduring contributions to the fields of Medicine, alchemy, and philosophy, recorded in over 184 books and articles in various fields of science.Numerous“firsts” in medical research, clinical care, and chemistry are attributed to him, including being the first to differentiate smallpox from measles, and the discovery of numerous compounds and chemicals including kerosene, among others. Razi was the first to realize that fever is a natural defense mechanism, the body's way of fighting disease and was the first physician ever to write articles on allergy and immunology. He was the first to produce acids such as sulfuric acid., the first to introduce the use of alcohol (Arabic Al-Kuhl) for medical purposes and the first to use opium for anaesthesia. He was also a pioneer of ophthalmology.
Razi is considered the "father of pediatrics" for writing "The Diseases of Children", the first book to deal with pediatrics as an independent field of medicine.
He was well-versed in Greek and Indian Medical knowledge and added substantially to them from his own observations. He is the author of the monumental encyclopedia "al Hawi" — known in Europe also as The Large Comprehensive or Continens Liber-, on which he worked for fifteen years. Because of this book alone, many scholars consider Razi the greatest medical doctor of the Middle Ages. Now, let us read what al-Razi thought about religions in general.
On ReligionAl-Razi wrote three books dealing with religion: (1) The Prophet's Fraudulent Tricks, (2) The Stratagems of Those Who Claim to Be Prophets (Arabic حيل المتنبيين), and (3) On the Refutation of Revealed Religions (Arabic مخارق الانبياء). He offered harsh criticism concerning religions, in particular those religions that claim to have been revealed by prophetic experiences.
About Prophetsal-Razi wrote:
About God’s messenger, al-Razi continued:
The Uzbek born great philosopher, physician and scientist Abu Ali Ibn Sina, known as Avicenna in the West. His major contribution to medical science was his famous book "al-Qanun fi al-Tibb", known as the "Canon of Medicine" in the West. The Qanun fi al-Tibb is an immense encyclopedia of medicine extending over a million words. It surveyed the entire medical knowledge available from ancient and Muslim sources. Due to its systematic approach, formal perfection as well as its intrinsic value, the Qanun superseded Razi's Hawi, Ali Ibn Abbas's Maliki, and even the works of Galen, and remained "supreme for six centuries". This book was a standard medical text in Europe and the Islamic world until the 18th century. Ibn Sina has often been referred to as the "father of modern medicine".
His corpus also includes writing on philosophy, astronomy, alchemy, geology, psychology, Islamic theology, logic, mathematics, physics, as well as poetry. He is regarded as the most famous and influential polymath of the Islamic Golden Age.
Avicenna's philosophy was based on a combination of Aristotelianism and Neoplatonism. Contrary to orthodox Islamic thought, Avicenna denied personal immortality, God's interest in individuals, and the creation of the world in time. He was holding philosophy superior to theology. In his commentary on theology, he dealt with God, creation, and angels etc. and many of his views on them stood in clear contradiction with their conception in the Islamic theology. He rejected the central Islamic doctrine of resurrection of the dead in flesh and blood. Ibn-Sina had also thoroughly rejected religions, including Islam, as lies. However, as Ibn Sina himself hailed from Khurasan, one cannot dismiss the possible influences of Buddhism, Zoroastrianism and Hinduism on his philosophy. Because of his views, Avicenna became the main target of an attack on such philosophy by the Islamic philosopher al-Ghazali and was even called “apostate”.
The above brief life stories of the greatest luminaries of the so called Islamic civilization or Arab civilization clearly established/disclosed one bitter truth for those wishful Islamists and that is all of the medieval luminaries except Imam al-Ghazali were either not so good Muslims or even atheists; although, many of them were not courageous enough to disclose their status of belief for fear of reprisals and persecutions from the Islamic fanatics. All those ancient Muslim-born (luminaries) were scientists and scholars by dint of their critical mind and thinking, being inspired by Greek, Indian and Babylonian civilizations. It was not DUE to Islam that their talent flourished and shone. There was no Islamic gene; rather their achievements can be characterized as DESPITE Islam. All these scientists, physicians were champions of reasons and critical thinking; they never credited the scripture for their success or for inspiration. It is well known that talents thrive in an open atmosphere, when no divine restrictions are imposed on the pursuit of knowledge.
Imam Ghazali was the only Islamic luminary who was a perfect Muslim or a strong believer in Islamic theology and because of his strong belief (without reason and logic) in Islamic theology—Imam Ghazali turned into a famous Islamic theologian, scholar and a philosopher but he was not a scientists. Because of his blind belief in Islamic theology Imam Ghazali could not become a scientist. What could be a better example than this (Ghazali’s case) that without free and rational thinking nobody can be a scientist, period.
When Muslims or Islamists brags about “Islamic Golden Age” they only name some Muslim-born scientists/philosophers; but they completely forget to name any non-Muslim luminaries of medieval period. The following are a few to name amongst the non-muslim scientists and philosophers such as: Al-Battani (Albategnius, 853–929) –who belonged to the star-worshipping Sabian sect of Northern Mesopotamia (He was not, however, a believer in the Sabian religion and his name indicates that his family was Muslim), alchemist Stephanus of Alexandria (d. 641 CE), Christian monk of Syria named Morieus Romanus, Ibn Butlan (d. 1066) and Ibn al-Tilmidh (d. 1165) of Baghdad; Gregory Bar Hebraeus(d. 1286) (aka Abu'l-Faraj), and Ibn Ali Isa (d. 1290).
According to the American Thinker, Dr. Jonathan David Carson, "The 'Islamic scholars' who translated 'ancient Greece's natural philosophy' were a curious group of Muslims, since all or almost all of the translators from Greek to Arabic were Christians or Jews."
Besides, all the ancient luminaries like Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, Buddha, Confucius, Euclid, Epicurus, Democritus, Lucretius and Aristarchus et al. were born long before Prophet Muhammad and his Islam but they all had direct and profound influence in laying the foundation of today’s world of science, education, politics, human rights and justice.
Religion had been at odds with science, still is at odds, and it will remain so until all religions would take demise from this mortal world. After the renaissance (i.e. during the last 3-4 centuries)-in the marathon race of dominance, science had won and religion had lost. This is pure and simple. Now, to compete with science, every religionists searching science in their own scriptures with a massive magnifying glass. Islam is the champion in this line. Alas, there could be no science in the scriptures of Islam or in any religion for sure. I myself first read Qur'an and Hadiths (after I read the book of M. Bucaille) in search of science, but could not find/match a single verse/Hadiths with modern-day science. I was dismayed how M. Bucaille fooled Muslims to earn his millions. He surely fooled the gullible Muslims while pocketing a large sum of money he received from Saudi King and also by selling his book (full of fraudulent scientific absurdities) mostly to Muslims. This does not bode well for Muslims. They have been portrayed as cretinsin the eyes of modern world, which I hate to admit.
Allow me to juxtapose Secularism and democracy vis-a-vis a blind faith we lovingly call the religion. It is the "SECULARISM AND DEMOCRACY" which can boost for science and not any RELIGION for sure. The European Renaissance was born in the yoke of SECULARISM AND DEMOCRACY. Europe was in the “Dark Age” as long as they were submerged with religious dogmas under the Roman Catholics. Scores of scientists, freethinkers lost their lives at the hands of fantasist religionists. Even today, any country that took the religion as their state constitution is living under the spell of darkness and they are taking a journey driving their locomotive in the reverse gear. And this is very true in the field of science. Good examples are Iran, Saudi Arabia, and all other Muslim countries as well. As long as all the Muslim countries remain under the clutch of religion Islam, Muslims will never be able to compete in the field of science with the rest of the world. The less religious orthodoxy, the more achievement in science. That explains Muslim's relative advancement around Ninth/Tenth centuries inspired by Mu‘tazilites (rational thinkers with less orthodoxy) and Christian Europe's backwardness (closed minds with more orthodoxy).
Science started its journey right from the day when ancient cave peoples made their first weapon from the stone. Necessities and human curiosities were the engine of all sciences. Science never dropped from the sky for anybody. Science is the continuous product of human civilizations. Not by one or two, but by all civilizations of the world such as: Ancient Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Chinese, Indian, Assyrian, Persian, Greek (Hellenistic), Roman, Islamic Arab, etc, etc. All of this civilization took part in the "RELAY RACE"of shaping up ancient science, which was the building block of modern science. Ancient Egyptians (3000 BC) studied the heavens to forecast seasons, used advanced geometry to build Pyramids. They also learned human anatomy, physiology, surgery and medicine, etc. All of the above mentioned ancient pre-Arab civilizations were very advanced in medicine, astronomy, geometry, mathematics and other scientific fields much before the arrival of Islamic-Arab civilization.
Ancient Greeks left the greatest scientific heritage of all the ancient peoples. Most scientific successes were achieved during the Hellenistic period who established world's largest ancient library at Alexandria (Egypt), where half a million books were kept. No one can think about ancient science without naming Hippocrates, Aristotle, Thales, Pythagoras, Euclid, Galen, etc., and obviously, those scientists did not learn science from Islamic Allah or Judeo-Christian’s God. Another very interesting factor is-all the above mentioned civilizations, somehow or rather, came in contact with each other (overlapping one by the other) at the Middle Eastern region. Had there been no ancient Egypt, Mesopotamian, Greek, Roman, Chinese, Indian, Persian, etc., there could be no science available to Arab to transmit them to the west. Just as, had there been no Judaism, Paganism, Christianity, Zoroastrianism and Bahaism was existed in the Middle east-there could be no Islam or no Qur'an written/produced (copied) by Muhammad. It should not elude any inquisitive mind that there is an awful lot similarity between the Old Testament stories and Qur'anic folklore. Even the tenor of Old Testament God and Islamic Allah seems to be very similar. Coincidence? Huuh!
Let me cite a quotation of George Sarton (History of Science): "The foundations of science were laid for us by the Mesopotamian civilizations, whose scholars and scientists were their priests, and to them we owe foundations of medicine, navigation, astronomy and some mathematics. The second development came through the Greeks as taught in the traditional way in Western schools and colleges. The third stage of development however is to be credited to the dazzling rise of Islam, whose Abbasid caliphs drank avidly at the foundation of the ancient Persian and Hindu as well as Greek sources of knowledge. For nearly four hundred years Islam led the world of science. From Spain to India, the great body of past knowledge was exchanged between her scholars and the torch carried forward with new discoveries. Scholars of Christendom from about the eleventh through the thirteenth century were mainly occupied with translating books from Arabic to Latin. Thus, Islam paved the way for the renaissance which in turn led to science's fourth great development in the modern western world".
Now, what have we learned from the above quotation? One could see in the statement of George Sarton the echo of my thesis. That is science is the product of continuous RELAY RACE (development/research) by many different civilizations one after another. In the history of mankind, civilization always took shape by some popular slogans/manifesto by different nations. Some came with nationalistic spirits (such as Egyptian, Persian, Roman, Chinese, Indian, etc.), and some came with the popular slogans of religion (such as Islamic Arab). In true sense, all of them were imperialistic forces in some different names and identity, and their main objective was to conquer new lands to gain wealth (by plundering war booty) and power. Every civilization when got some tranquility and peaceful times, it flourished in various (scientific, social, political, etc.) fields. Islamic-Arab revolution was no exception. The PBS documentary (2005) by Mr. Robert Gardner, "Islam: Empire of Faith," clearly showed the Arab imperialistic history. This film failed to show any spirituality or, should I say divinity, which was purely absent in Islamic utopia. The viewers will have hard time forgetting that violence ad infinitum, those naked terrorizing bend swords, or scores of conspiracies to kill the rivals, own sons, own friend. These are of course not at all signs of so-called peaceful religion. Instead, the viewers will mostly remember Islam as the NAKED SWORD WAVING MEGALOMANIAC IMPERILISTIC FORCE getting ready to swallow the entire world.The present-day Ummatic belief among Jihadist Muslims is remnants of the same belief.
Fact of the matter is the golden age of Islamic Empire (Abbasid) happened only because the natural sciences and the so-called Islamic sciences (read- religious study) were kept separate in the colleges (house of wisdom in Baghdad) of the day. It seems no coincidence that only when the religious authorities started to interfere with the natural sciences, starting in the 11th century (Imam Ghazali’s movement to crush Mu’tazillites), did the golden age of Islamic civilization lose its glitter.
Nevertheless, we must give credit to Arab-Islamic civilization for their role of obtaining, preserving and some improvement of that available ancient science left by other different civilizations and finally transmitting them to the West. Islamists very often talking about the modern scientific debt to Islamic civilization, but they never say anything about the Arab's scientific debt to those ancient civilizations, and I wonder why they are so reluctant to give any credits to those who deserve it? Can any Islamist tell us what the source of Islamic science was? Was it from Qur'an or Hadiths, or did it come from the heaven through the courtesy of winged archangels? Certainly not! Arab civilization did not see the light of science until the middle of 8th century. There was hardly any science developed during the time of Prophet Muhammad and his 'Caliphate-e-Rashedins' period. It was the period of liberal Muslim kings of Abbasid dynasty when Arab civilization finally begun to see the light of science. There is no scope to give the detail history in this short essay, but it is prudent to note that-Arabs during the Abbasid kingdoms at Baghdad actually got hold to those ancient science through their conquests.
They were clever and open minded enough to know that a kingdom could make awful lot of money by exploiting science. They got hold to the Greek (Hellenistic) library and begun to translate all those available scientific books of Latin/Greek into Arabic for a good reason.
The point of this history is to show how the golden age that Islamists/ fundamentalists refer to was achieved only because Baghdad was wide open to foreign influences, much as the United States at its birth imported ideas of the enlightenment from Europe and made more of them than did the Old World. One can go further. Many of the scholars who translated the manuscripts of the Greeks, Indians and Chinese, and who flocked to Baghdad in the golden age, were Christians, Jews and pagans. Although the West as we know it today didn't exist in the 9th and 10th centuries, one could say that the Arab world was, for a time, part of the intellectual circle that would become the West. Many of the Greek classics reached Europe via Muslim Toledo, in Spain, where they were translated from Arabic into Latin.
These people were not religious priest or Mullahs; they were intellectuals of that particular civilization. Islamic civilization actually acted as the conduit between the ancient science and western receiver who actually better utilized the ancient product. Had there been other civilization such as Mongols or Chinese dominant at that very period instead of Arab civilization-same thing could have happened with the transmitting of science to the West. We must not forget that major breakthrough in science that world knew about the Arab civilization are the Arab numerals, Gunpowders, paper, medical knowledge, etc. And it is interesting to note that among those ancient science-Arab actually got numerals from Indian mathematicians called "Hindu-Arabic Numerals" Gun powder and papers technology from Chinese; and Medical knowledge from Indian, Egyptians, Persians, Mesopotamians, and Chinese.
Of course, Muslim-born scientists did some improvement or improvisation to that ancient science. In modern time, Japanese are known to be a practitioner of that policy. Another interesting point is most of those renowned Muslim scientists were non-Arab. Such as: Al-Khwarizmi (Khwarezm, present-day Uzbekistan); Al-Razi (Rey, present-day Iran); Al-Ghazali (Khorasan, present-day Iran); Al-Tabari (Tabaristan); Al-Farabi (Fārāb, present-day Kazakhstan); Al-Biruni (Khwarezm, present-day Uzbekistan); Ibn Sina (Bukhara, present-day Uzbekistan); Ibn Rushd (Cordoba, Al-Andalus, Europe) and so on. All those scientists/philosophers happened to be sons of Muslims. None of them were a Mullah or Maolana, and none of them ever claimed that they got scientific theory by reading Qur'an or gobbling the Hadiths. Then, why do all those Islamists bring religion in the field of science? Is there any ulterior motive?
Religion of any type (Christian, Jews, Islam, Hinduism etc.) can never claim Science as their own property. Similarly, religion should never claim any credit whatsoever, for the advancement of any science. Galileo was a great scientist by his knowledge not because he was a son of Christian. In the same vein, Ibn Sina was a scientist by virtue of his quality and not because he was a son of Muslim. Einstein was a great scientist because of his intellect and acuity, not because of his knowledge in Torah. Today, almost 95% of world's leading scientists are the sons of Christians. Should we then consider that Christian religion/Bible are the storehouse of all science? Does the world history support this? Or, should we say that ancient Hindu Kafirs got science of mathematics (numerals) from Rada krishna?
Islamists frequently claim that the Koran is full of exhortation to the believers to study nature and to find the signs of God in the phenomena of nature. But I did not find any Qur'anic verse that asked people to study the nature in the scientific point of view, rather Allah tried to show those nature (Sky, Earth, Sun, Moon, Stars, etc.) as the evidence that Allah is really very powerful who can create all those naturally impossible things. Now, do we have to believe that, before the arrival of Qur'an mankind never saw the sky (heaven), earth, sun, moon and stars? What Qur'an told about the nature, even cave peoples could have seen them very well by their own bare eyes. Yes, Qur'an repeatedly talked about heaven, earth, sun, moon, stars, etc., just to exhibit the strength (threat) and might of Allah and repeatedly told human being to think about this miracle of placing sky as the canopy without pillars (which is ridiculous), making stars to shoot the Satan, placing mountain to make the earth immovable, created thunder to shoot the sinners, created earthquake to punish the kafirs, revolving poor sun daily to make day and night, making wide and flat earth, etc. and a whole slue of other things to reel your head. So, are those Allah's assertions anyway to be taken as scientific theory? What is the actual point? Should we go back to fundamentals of Islam and establish true Islamic dogmas (because according to some apologists only Islam can inspire science) like Afghan Talibans? Should we banned all western style education systems; should we banned all secularism, and establish "Kaoumi Madrashas" or "Alia madrashas" to bring back so called Islamic science? Come on give me break!
In conclusion, I can unambiguously summarize the fact that the so called Islamic Golden Age was not any product of Islamic scriptural knowledge, nor it was due to any degree of devoutness of religion Islam, rather it was due to short-lived opportunity of freethinking and rationalism induced by the famous Mu’tazillites and facilitated by the liberal minded Abbasid Kingdom.
What was the ideology of Mu’tazila which actually opened the window for rational thinkers? The defining philosophy of Mu’tazila was freewill, rationalism and scientific thoughtwhich was rooted in the Hellenic-age Greek philosophy. Mu’tazila ideology was greatly promoted during Abbasid Caliphate (8-13th century) but after that Islamic re-incarnation by Ahadiths collection by Muslim al –hajjaj, al-Bukhari, Abu daud, al-Timidi and rise of islamic zealots by the leadership of Imam Ghazali put the final nail to the coffin of defeated Mu’tazillites—leading to the end of enlightenment during 13th century and subsequently rise of Islamic devoutness (darkness of close minds and superstitions) in the Islamic world, which ended the so called Islamic Golden Age for good.
The Quran emphatically forbade pursuance knowledge and learning that falls outside the scope of Quran and Sunnah for fear of going astray by emulating path of error and heresy. Quran directly contradicted the very principle of Mu’tazilies. Hence, Islamic theological knowledge had very little to contribute to the attainment of the Golden Age.
When Muslims talk about Islamic Golden Age, they mostly think of Islamic rule by the Prophet Muhammad and his four Rightly Guided Caliphs (truly followed the footsteps of Mohammed), Abu Bakr, Omar, Uthman and Ali who ruled after Mohammed. Their ruling time only lasted about 30 years. History recorded in the Islamic books only tell us that these Islamic rulers were busy fighting and killing their rivals, apostates, and non-muslims, occupying lands and property (war booties), assassinating political rivals, etc. etc. Polygamy (filling their harem with multiple wives) and child-marriage, mu’ta marriage (temporary marriage). Alas, nobody can find even a trace of scientific advances during this 30 year period of Islamic rule. It was the same scenario with the European “Dark Age” of fundamentalist Christian rule by the Roman Catholic Papal Empire.
The real contribution of theological force of Islam was the formulation of “Islamic Sharia laws” derived directly from the Quran and Sunnah which was solely responsible to keep Muslims in the darkness of superstitious past which constantly kept them away from the enlightenment of science. Even after 1400 years, Muslim nations could not free themselves from the clutch of Islamic Sharia laws which is the cause of Muslims backwardness in education, science, technology, women rights etc. Forget about any scientific revolution, even there was no healthy political democracy or economical development did occur during the period of four Caliphs (khula-faye-Rashedins). In fact, Islam established an era of Arab imperialistic Kingship, which later invaded/occupied (by the sword) one fourth of the world in the name of Islam.
It is quite interesting to learn from the true historical account that almost all freethinkers and rationalists within the Islamic world, such as Ibn Sina, Al-Razi, Al-Farabi, Al-Ma’arri, Omar Khayyam, Ibn Rusd, Al-Khwarizmi etc were having little or no faith on orthodox Islamic dictums, nor they were at all motivated by theological teachings from Islamic books, yet Islam owned them (as the Islamic product) completely, by the same old Islamic tactics. Surprisingly, world’s other major religions such as: Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism or Buddhism never claimed such “false credit” for scientific contributions, because they all know it well that religion and science can not go hand in hand; rather, one becomes a dangerous and genuine obstacle to the other.
Unfortunately, the rising of Iranian Mullaism, the religious resurgence by the evil designs of Islamic fanaticisms and gradual militancy in the Muslim world for the last several decades, rising waves of Osama bin Laden’s jihadi Islamic terrorisms, have ultimately roused the religious fervor amongst gullible Muslims. They have not only energized the dream of reviving false “Islamic Golden Age” among the Muslims in general; this age-old religious virus also gradually infecting the western Christianity, especially in America, which poses a great danger of turning the clock of scientific race backward. Replacement of “Evolution theory” by the grandma’s folklore story of “Biblical creation theory” in some American public schools, banning scientific research with human embryos and deceiving bright scopes of various biological researches by American Government are a few examples of this dangerous syndrome. The world should not forget those past “shameful episodes” of Christian mullahs in Europe (in middle age) with the ancient luminaries like: Copernicus, Brno, Galileo’s, unless mankind, or the world want to lose the present hard-earned flourishing galloping waves of scientific glitters into the darkness of religions and superstitions of the past. There is still time left for mankind sympathetic to science and modernity which are driven by logic and rationalism, to join us in our fight to break the manacles of repressive age-old religions. There shouldn't be any room for faith-based systems that would push us back a good fourteen centuries. The present modern world is driven and established by the continuous success and glory of science. Unless, we already forgot that.