An excerpt from the online hypertext Human Knowledge: Foundations and Limits.
This table summarizes the major human belief systems. The 'Deity' column identifies each system's type of supernaturalism , except that for monotheisms it instead names the deity. The 'Fate' column tells what each system believes happens to a person after death.
|Roman Catholicism||981||17%||c30||Paul, Peter|
|Lutheran||76||1517||Martin Luther||(95 Theses)|
|Church of Christ||1.6||USA||c1832||Campbell, Stone|
|Society of Friends||USA||1650||George Fox|
|Eastern Orthodox||123||4%||1054||Michael Cerularius|
|Mormonism||11||Utah||1831||Joseph Smith||Book of Mormon|
|Jehovah's Witness||1.4 US||USA||1878||Charles Russell|
|Christian Science||0.4||USA||1879||Mary Eddy||(Science & Health)|
|Hinduism||793||14%||India||1000 BCE||(Aryans)||Vedas, esp. Upanishads||poly||rebirth|
|Buddhism||325||5.6%||E. Asia||525 BCE||Buddha||Tipitaka||pan||rebirth|
|Chinese folk religions||221||3.8%||China|
|Confucianism||China||500 BCE||Confucius||Analects; I Ching||non||death|
|Taoism||China||550 BCE||Lao Tzu||Tao-Te-Ching||poly||immort|
|Asian New Religions||106||1.8%|
|Sikhism||19||0.3%||Punjab||1604||Guru Nanak||Adi Granth||Sat-Kartar||rebirth|
|Judaism||14||0.2%||Israel||1800 BCE||Abraham||Old Testament||Yahweh||death|
|Bahaism||6||Persia||1863||Baha Ullah||Kitabi Ikan||Allah?|
|Jainism||5||India||550 BCE||Mahavira||Purvas et al.||pan||rebirth|
|Cao Dai||3||Vietnam||1919||Ngo Van Chieu||God?||rebirth|
|Scientology||1||USA||1954||L. Ron Hubbard||Dianetics||(aliens)||immort|
|Zoroastrianism||0.2||Persia||1000 BCE||Zarathustra||Avesta||Ahura Mazda||judged|
|Heaven's Gate||USA||1971||Marshall Applewhite||(aliens)||immort|
|Raelianism||France||1973||Rael||True Face of God||(aliens)|
|Rosicrucianism||West||1614||Johan Andrea||Confessio rosae crucis|
Judaism is the Semitic monotheistic fideist religion based on the Old Testament's (1000-600 BCE) rules for the worship of Yahweh by his chosen people, the children of Abraham's son Isaac (c1800 BCE).
Zoroastrianism is the Persian monotheistic fideist religion founded by Zarathustra (c628-c551 BCE) and which teaches that good must be chosen over evil in order to achieve salvation.
Christianity is the West Eurasian monotheistic fideist religion professing that Jesus of Nazareth (c6 BCE - c30 AD) is the descendent of Abraham and the Son of God whose sacrifice for humanity's sins was recorded in the New Testament (c100), and who fulfilled the prophecies of the divinely inspired Old Testament.
Islam is the Middle Eastern monotheistic fideist religion professing surrender to the will of Allah (God), whose revelations in the Old and New Testaments were superseded by the Koran revealed to Muhammad (c570 - 632-06) for his chosen people, the children of Abraham's son Ishmael (c1800 BCE).
Sikhism is the Punjab monotheistic fideist religion founded by Guru Nanak (1469-1539) and whose sacred Adi Granth (1604) overlays a spartan righteousness onto Hindu cyclical cosmology.
These religions place unwarranted faith in purported revelations for which there is no credible evidence of authenticity or validity.
Hinduism is the South Asian polytheistic mystical religion based on the Veda scriptures (c1000 BCE) and professing a cyclical cosmology, an ultimate reality called brahman, gods Vishnu and Shiva, and reincarnation of atman (soul) under the influence of karma.
Taoism is the Chinese polytheistic mystical religion based on the Tao-Te-Ching ascribed to Lao Tzu (c550 BCE) and which advocates a path (tao) of minimalist serenity and reverence for various deities.
Shintoism is the Japanese polytheistic mystical religion involving mainly the observance of customs and festivals honoring various deities.
Jainism is the Indian pantheist mystical religion founded by Mahavira (599-527 BCE) and which blends monastic asceticism with Buddhist cyclical cosmology.
Buddhism is the East Asian pantheist mystical religion founded in India c525 BCE by the Buddha, who taught that existence is cyclical suffering caused by desiring and can be overcome by the "eightfold path" of right thought and deed.
Confucianism is the Chinese nontheistic mystical religion based on the sayings of Confucius (c500 BCE) recorded in the Analects, and which teaches social order, scholarship, filial reverence for family and ancestors, and divination.
These religions posit entities (such as gods or spirits or forces) to explain subjective mystical experiences which have simpler naturalistic explanations. These religions allege phenomena (such as rebirth and divination) for which there is no credible evidence.