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World History

A group about World History so that I do not end up spamming my USA and Non USA News Group

Location: #culture
Members: 17
Latest Activity: May 21

Discussion Forum

How the British Divided Up the Arab World

Started by Hope. Last reply by Chris Oct 15, 2016. 7 Replies

How the British Divided Up the Arab WorldThe development of the modern nation states throughout the Arab world is a fascinating and heartbreaking process. 100 years ago, most Arabs were part of the…Continue

Tags: Arab, World, Up, Divided, the

History Snippets

Started by A place called Doone. Last reply by Tom Sarbeck Oct 12, 2016. 3 Replies

AN AMERICAN CREATION STORYby Akim ReinhardtThere is scientific evidence indicating that Asiatic peoples migrated…Continue

Tags: Snippets, History

Old Time Religion and Buildings

Started by A place called Doone. Last reply by Onyango Makagutu Nov 30, 2012. 1 Reply

Tatev Monastery - Tatev, ArmeniaThe Tatev monastery once played a notable role in the advancement of medieval Armenian culture when it housed the University of Tatev in the 14th and 15th…Continue

Tags: Buildings, and, Religion, Time, Old


Started by A place called Doone. Last reply by A place called Doone Jul 11, 2012. 2 Replies

THE FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE AND THE RISE OF ISLAMTom Holland in The Guardian:Whenever modern civilisations…Continue


Comment Wall


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Comment by Chris on December 17, 2016 at 4:30am


At the 11th hour on the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918, the Great War ends. At 5 a.m. that morning, Germany, bereft of manpower and supplies and faced with imminent invasion, signed an armistice agreement with the Allies in a railroad car outside Compiégne, France. The First World War left nine million soldiers dead and 21 million wounded, with Germany, Russia, Austria-Hungary, France, and Great Britain each losing nearly a million or more lives. In addition, at least five million civilians died from disease, starvation, or exposure....

More in the link above.

This among other wars calls into question if the West should intervene in the ongoing war in the Middle East.

If it wasn't for oil and the powers that control it the West wouldn't play a hand at the game. 

Today with solar, wind, and other alternative energy sources it seems as though fighting over oil is a waste of resources - not including the cost of climate change.

4000 character limit  again.

Comment by Chris on December 17, 2016 at 4:04am

I don't care for Tina Turner's music.

My understanding is the Norse ignored the practices of the (aboriginal/Intuit) people and relied on provisions from  Denmark Scandinavia to sustain them as climatic changes eventually desecrated, or drove them out.

The Don, and others in his cabinet should read Diamonds book. 

Comment by Chris on December 17, 2016 at 3:22am

There was a song,

What's Oil got to do with it?

I meant What's Love got to do with it?

It's business.

G.W.B and his neocons played their cards and lost.

Comment by Chris on December 17, 2016 at 1:07am

The History of Africa is interesting.

I'll argue the Norse left a legacy through legends such as changing xmas stories as worthless as they may be.

Stephen, On Osama Bin Laden and the photograph. How, or why do you think he changed from a 'groovy' person to the terrorist the West once supported to fight against Communism (USSR) to fighting against the powers that helped him and 'his cause?'

Comment by Stephen on December 11, 2016 at 10:30pm

1970s Osama Bin Laden
Strangely the Bin Laden family were really “groovy” and “cool” looking back in the 1970s. Osama Bin Laden is just a kid in a green shirt and blue flared pants


Comment by Stephen on December 4, 2016 at 3:49pm

Stephen Fry's Key to the City - Exploring the Mysteries of the City of London

Comment by A place called Doone on December 3, 2016 at 4:21pm

Why did Greenland’s Vikings disappear after 500 years of Norse life?

Comment by Chris on November 20, 2016 at 7:24pm


Yes, Elk Loose Their Antlers Every Year

bull elk with new antlers

One of the most common questions I get on tours is, "Do the elk loose their antlers every year?"  The answer is yes, the antlers of nearly all deer species (US deer include: mule deer, white-tailed deer, elk, moose, caribou) on the planet are annually deciduous.  Or, in layman's terms, they fall off every year and then grow again.  Mid-March is when bull elk cast off their antlers and within days of dropping, their new antlers start to grow. 

Once those antlers hit the ground, they still play an interesting role in the ecosystem.  Antlers are vital for small mammals as sources of calcium, potassium, and protein - which explains why you are not allowed to take them home with you as a souvenier of your visit to RMNP!

Written by guest blogger Jared Gricoskie of Yellow Wood Guiding.  To book your own tour of Rocky Mountain National Park, visit


Comment by Chris on November 20, 2016 at 7:09pm

I was a member.officer of the Fraternal Orders of Elks for about 15 years in Oregon. I didn't carry my membership when I moved.

The tragedy of WWI and the stress also brough on the Spanish Flu.

Reconstruction of the 1918 Influenza Pandemic Virus

CDC researchers and their colleagues successfully reconstructed the influenza virus that caused the 1918-19 flu pandemic, which killed as many as 50 million people worldwide. A report of their work, "Characterization of the Reconstructed 1918 Spanish Influenza Pandem...", was published in the October 7, 2005 issue of Science. The work was a collaboration among scientists from CDC, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, and Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory. The following questions and answers describe this important research and related issues.

Background on the Research

What research does the Science article describe? Why is it important?

This report describes the successful reconstruction of the influenza A (H1N1) virus responsible for the 1918 “Spanish flu” pandemic and provides new information about the properties that contributed to its exceptional virulence. This information is critical to evaluating the effectiveness of current and future public health interventions, which could be used in the event that a 1918-like virus reemerges. The knowledge from this work may also shed light on the pathogenesis of contemporary human influenza viruses with pandemic potential. The natural emergence of another pandemic virus is considered highly likely by many experts, and therefore insights into pathogenic mechanisms could contribute to the development of prophylactic and therapeutic interventions needed to control pandemic viruses.

What are the reasons for doing these experiments?

The influenza pandemic of 1918-19 killed an estimated 20 to 50 million people worldwide, many more than the subsequent pandemics of the 20th century. The biological properties that confer virulence to pandemic influenza viruses were poorly understood. Research to better understand how the individual genes of the1918 pandemic influenza virus contribute to the disease process could provide important insights into the basis of virulence. This kind of information will enable us to devise appropriate strategies for early diagnosis, treatment, and prevention, should a similar pandemic virus emerge. Additionally, such research will provide us with general principles with which we can better design antiviral drugs and other interventions against all influenza viruses with enhanced virulence.

Who funded the work described in this article?

Work with the reconstructed 1918 virus was conducted at and supported by CDC. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP) all provided support for many other aspects of this research.

When did CDC begin research on the 1918 virus?

CDC studies of the 1918 influenza virus were begun in 2004 with the initiation of testing of viruses containing subsets of the eight genes of the 1918 virus. Previous articles describing the properties of such viruses were published before 2005. Reconstruction of the entire 1918 virus was begun in August 2005.


Comment by Tom Sarbeck on November 15, 2016 at 12:13am

Over 2% of the world was killed...

They were one of the costs of European monarchy, which WW1 also destroyed.

WW2 would all but end European colonialism. France would later lose Indo-China and Algeria.


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