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Animal | Vegetable | Mineral

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Animal | Vegetable | Mineral

Exploring the Earth and Animal Sciences

Location: #science
Members: 57
Latest Activity: on Monday

Welcome to Animal | Vegetable | Mineral

I never cease to be awed by the splendor of the natural world, by the forces that shape the earth, and by the diversity and ingenuity of the life that populates it.

Animal | Vegetable | Mineral is a group where those who share this fascination can discuss the Earth and animal sciences of geology, volcanology, seismology, ecology, ethology, primatology, entymology—basically all the –ologies of the natural world. 
 

For general science, chemistry, genetics, or evolution, please post in the Science! group. For posts on animal rights and welfare, please post in Animal Care. For cosmology, please post in The Daily Cosmos. For green living, sustainability, and environmental activism, please post in the Green Atheists group.


ONGOING THREADS
Action Alert & Petition Thread
Beautiful Photographs of Animals & Nature
News Thread: Empathy and Reciprocity in Animals
The AVM Book Thread
The AVM Video Thread
Website Links: Conservation, Protection, and Advocacy

 

Discussion Forum

Endangered elephant killings rising in Indonesia

Started by A Former Member. Last reply by Chris Dec 24, 2016. 1 Reply

Beautiful Photographs of Animals & Nature

Started by A Former Member. Last reply by doone Mar 1, 2015. 850 Replies

New species found in Australia

Started by Neal. Last reply by Neal Nov 3, 2013. 2 Replies

Cockatoos can pick complicated locks!

Started by Michel. Last reply by Neal Jul 11, 2013. 5 Replies

The intelligence of octopuses

Started by Adriana. Last reply by doone Jun 24, 2013. 3 Replies

Darwin's Frogs Are in Steep Decline

Started by A Former Member. Last reply by Neal Jun 15, 2013. 1 Reply

How Dogs Help Protect Threatened Species

Started by A Former Member. Last reply by Neal Jun 15, 2013. 1 Reply

The AVM Video Thread

Started by A Former Member. Last reply by doone Jun 12, 2013. 402 Replies

8 Awesome Octopus Facts for World Oceans Day

Started by A Former Member. Last reply by doone Jun 9, 2013. 1 Reply

Atlantic puffins in peril in US

Started by A Former Member Jun 8, 2013. 0 Replies

Plan lifts Lower 48 wolf protections

Started by A Former Member Jun 8, 2013. 0 Replies

Comment Wall

Comment

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Comment by Stephen on December 30, 2016 at 7:50pm

The caves that prove Neanderthals were cannibals

Neanderthal

http://phys.org/news/2016-12-caves-neanderthals-cannibals.html

Comment by Chris on December 24, 2016 at 4:47pm

Heard an interesting thing.

Are you a bird, or a tree?

Whereas trees plant and birds fly...,

The cat would make a magnificant coat.

(Sarcasm implied).

Comment by Mrs.B on December 24, 2016 at 3:07pm

Beautiful cat! Keeping that.

Weird, but pretty trees.

Comment by Stephen on December 24, 2016 at 12:51pm

Ain't those trees upside down.

 

Comment by Stephen on December 24, 2016 at 12:40pm

Magnificent Cat

Photo

Comment by Stephen on December 23, 2016 at 5:33pm

If you can remember the difficulty that a human baby has, to learn to hold a simple spoon, keeping food in it, and guiding it to his or her mouth, opening the mouth, scraping off the food, withdrawing the spoon, and closing the mouth, somewhat precisely and in the right order, then you might feel some sympathy for this two week old Asiatic Elephant nick-named Bent in the video below.

The trunk, or proboscis, is a fusion of the nose and upper lip, although in early fetal life, the upper lip and trunk are separated. The trunk is elongated and specialised to become the elephant's most important and versatile appendage. It contains up to 150,000 separate muscle fascicles, with no bone and little fat. These paired muscles consist of two major types: superficial (surface) and internal. The former are divided into dorsals, ventrals and laterals, while the latter are divided into transverse and radiating muscles. The muscles of the trunk connect to a bony opening in the skull. The nasal septum is composed of tiny muscle units that stretch horizontally between the nostrils. Cartilage divides the nostrils at the base. As a muscular hydrostat, the trunk moves by precisely coordinated muscle contractions. The muscles work both with and against each other. A unique proboscis nerve – formed by the maxillary and facial nerves – runs along both sides of the trunk.

Comment by Chris on December 21, 2016 at 8:13pm

Bonobos manage to relieve stress without resorting to violence.

Comment by Mrs.B on December 15, 2016 at 7:50pm

Well we should just learn to speak macaque then, huh?

Comment by Stephen on December 15, 2016 at 6:14pm

A Celebes crested macaque at the Tangkoko reserve in Indonesia. Researchers reported that monkeys have a vocal tract capable of human speech, but can’t talk because they lack the right wiring in their brains.Credit Sijori Images/Barcroft Media, via Getty Images

A Celebes crested macaque at the Tangkoko reserve in Indonesia. Researchers reported that monkeys have a vocal tract capable of human speech, but can’t talk because they lack the right wiring in their brains.Credit Sijori Images/Barcroft Media, via Getty Images

Monkeys Could Talk, but They Don’t Have the Brains for It

Primates are unquestionably clever: Monkeys can learn how to use money, and chimpanzees have a knack for game theory. But no one has ever taught a nonhuman primate to say “hello.”

Scientists have long been intrigued by the failure of primates to talk like us. Understanding the reasons may offer clues to how our own ancestors evolved full-blown speech, one of our most powerful adaptations.

On Friday, a team of researchers reported that monkeys have a vocal tract capable of human speech. They argue that other primates can’t talk because they lack the right wiring in their brains.

“A monkey’s vocal tract would be perfectly adequate to produce hundreds, thousands of words,” said W. Tecumseh Fitch, a cognitive scientist at the University of Vienna and a co-author of the new study.

Human speech results from a complicated choreography of flowing air and contracting muscles. To make a particular sound, we have to give the vocal tract a particular shape. The vocal tracts of other primates contain the same elements as ours — from vocal cords to tongues to lips — but their geometry is different.

Read more=  read:http://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/09/science/monkeys-speech.html?rref=...

Comment by Chris on December 9, 2016 at 7:32pm

Human predicesors (ants) in the amber may provide information about human development as well.

 
 
 

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