Feedback and Notes

Due to Ning (our Web hosting company) being bought recently from the ashes of Mode Media we often experience 500 connection errors. Our apologies but these errors are out of our control. Hopefully, this will improve as the new company gains experience. Regards, AU

Latest Activity

We are a worldwide social network of freethinkers, atheists, agnostics and secular humanists.

Birthdays

Animal | Vegetable | Mineral

Information

Animal | Vegetable | Mineral

Exploring the Earth and Animal Sciences

Location: #science
Members: 57
Latest Activity: Feb 19

Welcome to Animal | Vegetable | Mineral

I never cease to be awed by the splendor of the natural world, by the forces that shape the earth, and by the diversity and ingenuity of the life that populates it.

Animal | Vegetable | Mineral is a group where those who share this fascination can discuss the Earth and animal sciences of geology, volcanology, seismology, ecology, ethology, primatology, entymology—basically all the –ologies of the natural world. 
 

For general science, chemistry, genetics, or evolution, please post in the Science! group. For posts on animal rights and welfare, please post in Animal Care. For cosmology, please post in The Daily Cosmos. For green living, sustainability, and environmental activism, please post in the Green Atheists group.


ONGOING THREADS
Action Alert & Petition Thread
Beautiful Photographs of Animals & Nature
News Thread: Empathy and Reciprocity in Animals
The AVM Book Thread
The AVM Video Thread
Website Links: Conservation, Protection, and Advocacy

 

Discussion Forum

Endangered elephant killings rising in Indonesia

Started by A Former Member. Last reply by Chris Dec 24, 2016. 1 Reply

Beautiful Photographs of Animals & Nature

Started by A Former Member. Last reply by doone Mar 1, 2015. 850 Replies

New species found in Australia

Started by Neal. Last reply by Neal Nov 3, 2013. 2 Replies

Cockatoos can pick complicated locks!

Started by Michel. Last reply by Neal Jul 11, 2013. 5 Replies

The intelligence of octopuses

Started by Adriana. Last reply by doone Jun 24, 2013. 3 Replies

Darwin's Frogs Are in Steep Decline

Started by A Former Member. Last reply by Neal Jun 15, 2013. 1 Reply

How Dogs Help Protect Threatened Species

Started by A Former Member. Last reply by Neal Jun 15, 2013. 1 Reply

The AVM Video Thread

Started by A Former Member. Last reply by doone Jun 12, 2013. 402 Replies

8 Awesome Octopus Facts for World Oceans Day

Started by A Former Member. Last reply by doone Jun 9, 2013. 1 Reply

Atlantic puffins in peril in US

Started by A Former Member Jun 8, 2013. 0 Replies

Plan lifts Lower 48 wolf protections

Started by A Former Member Jun 8, 2013. 0 Replies

Comment Wall

Comment

You need to be a member of Animal | Vegetable | Mineral to add comments!

Comment by Mrs.B on January 13, 2017 at 2:49am

Awww....

Comment by Stephen on January 13, 2017 at 2:43am

Langur monkeys grieve over fake monkey.

Comment by Stephen on January 10, 2017 at 5:49am

52-million-year-old relative of potatoes and tomatoes discovered in Patagonia

Comment by Stephen on January 10, 2017 at 5:45am

52-million-year-old relative of potatoes and tomatoes discovered in Patagonia

Researchers have discovered two fossils in South America of a fruit that dates back to around 52 million years ago.

The fossils could be the key to understanding how some of the most common plants today - including potatoes and tomatoes - evolved. And it turns out their genetic history might be a whole lot older than we thought.

The fossilised fruit is a berry that belongs to the Solanaceae (or nightshade) family of plants, which includes popular species such as potatoes, tomatoes, chili and bell peppers, and tobacco.

Despite how ubiquitous these plants are today all across the globe, their early history has remained mysterious, with only a few seeds found in the fossil record. So until now, we had no idea where they came from, or when.

But the newly found fossils could fill in some gaps. They're lantern fruits, with their berries covered in paper-like husks, and they belong to the Physalis genus, which makes them closely related to tomatillos - a staple in Mexican food. 

"These fossils are one of a kind, since the delicate papery covers of lantern fruits are rarely preserved as fossils," said one of the researchers, Mónica Carvalho, from Penn State University.

"Our fossils show that the evolutionary history of this plant family is much older than previously considered, particularly in South America, and they unveil important implications for understanding the diversification of the family."

The two berries were discovered in Chubut, Patagonia in Argentina, which was a temperate rainforest when the plants grew around 52 million years ago.

The team found 6,000 other plant fossils from the area, but these are the only two belonging to the Physalis genus or nightshade family, and they somehow preserved incredibly delicate features, such as the papery husk and the berries themselves. 

The fruit is closely related to tomatillos, which are commonly used in Mexican cooking, and they have papery lantern-like husks that grow around the berries.

Read more= read:http://www.sciencealert.com/52-million-year-old-relative-of-potatoe...

Comment by Stephen on December 30, 2016 at 7:50pm

The caves that prove Neanderthals were cannibals

Neanderthal

http://phys.org/news/2016-12-caves-neanderthals-cannibals.html

Comment by Chris on December 24, 2016 at 4:47pm

Heard an interesting thing.

Are you a bird, or a tree?

Whereas trees plant and birds fly...,

The cat would make a magnificant coat.

(Sarcasm implied).

Comment by Mrs.B on December 24, 2016 at 3:07pm

Beautiful cat! Keeping that.

Weird, but pretty trees.

Comment by Stephen on December 24, 2016 at 12:51pm

Ain't those trees upside down.

 

Comment by Stephen on December 24, 2016 at 12:40pm

Magnificent Cat

Photo

Comment by Stephen on December 23, 2016 at 5:33pm

If you can remember the difficulty that a human baby has, to learn to hold a simple spoon, keeping food in it, and guiding it to his or her mouth, opening the mouth, scraping off the food, withdrawing the spoon, and closing the mouth, somewhat precisely and in the right order, then you might feel some sympathy for this two week old Asiatic Elephant nick-named Bent in the video below.

The trunk, or proboscis, is a fusion of the nose and upper lip, although in early fetal life, the upper lip and trunk are separated. The trunk is elongated and specialised to become the elephant's most important and versatile appendage. It contains up to 150,000 separate muscle fascicles, with no bone and little fat. These paired muscles consist of two major types: superficial (surface) and internal. The former are divided into dorsals, ventrals and laterals, while the latter are divided into transverse and radiating muscles. The muscles of the trunk connect to a bony opening in the skull. The nasal septum is composed of tiny muscle units that stretch horizontally between the nostrils. Cartilage divides the nostrils at the base. As a muscular hydrostat, the trunk moves by precisely coordinated muscle contractions. The muscles work both with and against each other. A unique proboscis nerve – formed by the maxillary and facial nerves – runs along both sides of the trunk.

 
 
 

© 2017   Created by Atheist Universe.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Privacy Policy  |  Terms of Service